Main Article Content
In the recent years, a plenty of data has been acquired about the potential effects of the microbiota on the human health, and strong evidences have been appeared related to the roles of the microbiota on the pathophysiology of some diseases. This situation has led many medical disciplines to pay attention to the human microbiome, and the number of researches on this topic has signifi cantly increased. Therefore, a requirement has emerged for the medical microbiology laboratories that previously used to work on the pathogen-based identifi cations, to identify hundreds of non-pathogenic bacteria, fungi and viruses present in the human body fl oras. The secrets of microbiome have been expressed as we have effectively used the available techniques among the culture-based and molecular-based identifi - cation methods. In this review, it is aimed to share the recent knowledge about the molecular-based investigation tools with evaluating the available laboratory research methods that can be utilized in the microbiota studies.