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As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, or RTF document file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.


Authors are encouraged to follow the following principles before submitting their article:

  • Research articles and article collections should not exceed 20 pages including the text, figures, tables and references, while short announcements and case report presentations should not be longer than 7 pages.

Short Announcements

  1. Turkish title, English title, author name and institution(s) (Turkish and English)
            ii. Turkish and English Abstract (max 300 words)
            iii. Turkish and English Key Words
            iv. Introduction (max 500 words)
            v. Materials and Methods (max 500 words)
            vi. Results (max 500 words)
            vii. Discussion (max 700 words)
            viii. References (should not exceed 15), all words 2500 not exceed.

  • Author number for review articles should not exceed three.

  • Author number for case report presentations should not exceed four.

  • Articles should be written with double line space in 10 font size and right, left, upper and lower margins should all be 2.5 cm. Writing style should be Arial.

Manuscripts should have double-line spacing, leaving sufficient margin on both sides.

Manuscripts should be written with Microsoft Word.

Abbreviations: Abbreviations should be defined at first mention and used consistently thereafter. Internationally accepted abbreviations should be used; refer to scientific writing guides as necessary.

Cover Letter: Cover letter should include statements about manuscript category designation, single-journal submission affirmation, conflict of interest statement, sources of outside funding, equipment (if so), approval for language for articles in English and approval for statistical analysis for original research articles.

Title Page: Title should be concise and informative (in Turkish and English). The title page should include a list of all contributing authors and all of their affiliations. Positions of authors and names of departments and institutions to which they are attached and the province should be written. Supply full correspondence details for the corresponding author, including phone, mobile phone, fax number and e-mail address.



The text file should include the title in Turkish, keywords, the title in English, keywords in English, the text of the article, references, tables (only one table for one page) and figure legends (if any), respectively. Within the text file, the names of the authors, any information about the institutions, the figures and images should be excluded.

Abstract: Turkish and English abstracts should be given together with the article title. It should be divided into four sections in the following order: Objectives, Materials and Methods, Results and Conclusion. Abstracts should not exceed 300 words. Abstracts for case reports should be unstructured and shorter (average 150-200 words; without structural divisions in Turkish and English).

Objectives: The aim of the study should be clearly stated.

Materials and Methods: The study and standard criteria used should be defined; it should also be indicated whether the study is randomized or not, whether it is retrospective or prospective, and the statistical methods applied should be indicated, if applicable.

Results: The detailed results of the study should be given and the statistical significance level should be indicated.

Conclusion: Should summarize the results of the study, the clinical applicability of the results should be defined, and the favorable and unfavorable aspects should be declared.


  • They should be minimally 3 and maximally 6 and should be written in Turkish and English.

  • The words should be separated by semicolon (;), from each other.

  • English key words should be appropriate to “Medical Subject Headings (MESH)” (www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/MBrowser.html).

  • Turkish key words should be appropriate to “Turkey Science Terms” (www.bilimterimleri.com).

Original researches should have the following sections;

Introduction: Should consist of a brief explanation of the topic and indicate the objective of the study, supported by information from the literature.

Materials and Methods: The study plan should be clearly described, indicating whether the study is randomized or not, whether it is retrospective or prospective, the number of trials, the characteristics, and the statistical methods used.

Results: The results of the study should be stated, with tables/figures given in numerical order; the results should be evaluated according to the statistical analysis methods applied. See General Guidelines for details about the preparation of visual material.

Discussion: The study results should be discussed in terms of their favorable and unfavorable aspects and they should be compared with the literature.

Study Limitations: Limitations of the study should be detailed. In addition, an evaluation of the implications of the obtained findings/results for future research should be outlined.

Conclusion: The conclusion of the study should be highlighted.

Acknowledgements: Any technical or financial support or editorial contributions (statistical analysis, English/Turkish evaluation) towards the study should appear at the end of the article. Only acknowledge persons and institutions that have made substantial contributions to the study, but was not a writer of the paper.

References: Authors are responsible for the accuracy of the references. See General Guidelines for details about the usage and formatting required.


Case Reports

Case reports should present cases which are rarely seen, feature novelty in diagnosis and treatment, and contribute to our current knowledge. The first page should include the title in Turkish and English, an unstructured summary not exceeding 200 words, and key words. The main text should consist of introduction, case report, discussion, acknowledgment, conclusion and references. The entire text should not exceed 5 pages (A4, formatted as specified above).

Review Articles

Review articles can address any aspect of viral hepatitis Review articles must provide critical analyses of contemporary evidence and provide directions of or future research. Most review articles are commissioned, but other review submissions are also welcome. Before sending a review, discussion with the editor is recommended.

Reviews articles analyze topics in depth, independently and objectively. The first chapter should include the title in Turkish and English, an unstructured summary and key words. Source of all citations should be indicated. The entire text should not exceed 25 pages (A4, formatted as specified above).

Letters to the Editor

Letters to the Editor should be short commentaries related to current developments in viral hepatitis and their scientific and social aspects, or may be submitted to ask questions or offer further contributions in response to work that has been published in the Viral Hepatitis Journal. Letters do not include a title or an abstract; they should not exceed 1,500 words and can have up to 7 references.

References: The authors are required to cite only those references that they can submit to the Journal in the event they are requested to do so. References should be cited in numerical order (in parentheses) in the text and listed in the same numerical order at the end of the manuscript on a separate page or pages. All authors should be listed regardless of number. Journal abbreviations should conform to the style used in the Cumulated Index Medicus (www.icmje.org). Only list the literature that is published, in press (with the name of the publication known) or with a doi number in references. It is preferred that number of references does not exceed 50 for research articles, 100 for reviews and 10 for case reports.

Follow the styles shown in examples below (please give attention to punctuation):

In reference section of the article, there should be no writing in languages other than English. The text language of the article should be indicated in parenthesis at the end of each reference.(e.g. Yoldas O, Bulut A, Altindis M. The Current Approach of Hepatitis A Infections. Viral Hepatitis J 2012;18:81-86. (Turkish).

Format for journal articles; initials of author’s names and surnames, titles of article, journal name, date, volume, number, and inclusive pages, must be indicated.

Example: Tabak F, Ozdemir F, Tabak O, Erer B, Tahan V, Ozaras R. Autoimmune hepatitis induced by the prolonged hepatitis A virus infection. Ann Hepatol. 2008;7:177-179.

Format for books; initials of author’s names and surnames, chapter title, editor’s name, book title, edition, city, publisher, date and pages.

Example: Vissers RJ, Abu-Laban RB. Acute and Chronic Pancreatitis. In: Tintinalli JE, Kelen GD, Stapczynski JS (eds.), Emergency Medicine: A comprehensive Study Guide. 6 st ed. New York: McGraw-Hill Co; 2005; p. 573-577.

Format for on-line-only publications; DOI is the only acceptable on-line reference.

Figures, Pictures, Table ‘s and Graphics:

  • All figures, pictures, tables and graphics should be cited at the end of the relevant sentence.

Explanations about figures, pictures, tables and graphics must be placed at the end of the article.

  • Figures, pictures/photographs must be added to the system as separate .jpg or .gif files.

  • The manuscripts containing color figures/pictures/tables would be published, if accepted by the Journal. In case of publishing colorful artwork, the authors will be asked to pay extra printing costs.

  • All abbreviations used, must be listed in explanation which will be placed at the bottom of each figure, picture, table and graphic.

  • For figures, pictures, tables and graphics to be reproduced relevant permissions need to be provided. This permission must be mentioned in the explanation.

  • Pictures/photographs must be in color, clear and with appropriate contrast to separate details.

Conflict of interest: If any of the writers have a relationship based on self-interest, this should be explained.

Acknowledgment: Only acknowledge persons and institutions that have made substantial contributions to the study, but was not a writer of the paper.

All manuscripts submitted to the Viral Hepatitis Journal are screened for plagiarism using the ‘iThenticate’ software. Results indicating plagiarism may result in manuscripts being returned or rejected.

Checklist for Submitted Articles:

Articles must be complete. They must include the following:

• Cover Letter
• Title Page
• Article sections
• Turkish and English titles
• Abstract (300 words) (Turkish and English)
• Keywords (minimum 3; maximum 6)
• Article divided into appropriate sections
• Complete and accurate references and citations
• List of references styled according to “journal requirements”
• All figures (with legends) and tables (with titles) cited.
• "Copyright Form" signed by all authors.
• Manuscripts lacking any of the above elements will be rejected from the production process.